## Physical Chemistry Book Third Edition By Gilbert W. Castellan.

This is the book of Physical Chemistry Third Edition in pdf written by Gilbert W. Castellan University of Maryland.

- Sponsoring Editor: Robert L. Rogers
- Production Editor: Margaret Pinette
- Copy Editor: Jerrold A. Moore
- Text Designer: Debbie Syrotchen
- Design Coordinator: Herb Caswell
- Illustrators: YAP International Communications, Ltd.
- Cover Designer: Richard Hannus, Hannus Design Associates
- Cover Photograph: The Image Bank, U. Schiller
- Art Coordinator: Joseph K. Vetere

### Contents.

#### 1. Some Fundamental Chemical Concepts

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The kinds of matter

1.3 The kinds of substances

1.4 Atomic and molar masses

1.5 Symbols; Formulas

1.6 The mole

1.7 Chemical equations

1.8 The International System of Units, SI

1.2 The kinds of matter

1.3 The kinds of substances

1.4 Atomic and molar masses

1.5 Symbols; Formulas

1.6 The mole

1.7 Chemical equations

1.8 The International System of Units, SI

#### 2.Empirical Properties of Gases.

2.1 Boyle's law; Charles's law

2.2 Molar mass of a gas. Avogadro's law; The ideal gas law

2.3 The equation of state; Extensive and intensive properties

2.4 Properties of the ideal gas

2.5 Determination of molar masses of gases and volatile substances

2.6 Mixtures; Composition variables

2.7 Equations of state for a gas mixture; Dalton's law

2.8 The partial-pressure concept

2.9 The barometric distribution law

Questions

Problems

3.2 Modifying the ideal gas equation; The van der Waals equation

3.3 Implications of the van der Waals equation

3.4 The isotherms of a real gas

3.5 Continuity of states

3.6 The isotherms of the van der Waals equation

3.7 The critical state

3.8 The law of corresponding states

3.9 Other equations of state

Questions

Problems

4.2 Kinetic theory of gases; Fundamental assumptions

4.3 Calculation of the pressure of a gas

4.4 Dalton's law of partial pressures

4.5 Distributions and distribution functions

4.6 The Maxwell distribution

4.7 Mathematical interlude

4.8 Evaluation of A and f3

4.9 Calculation of average values using the Maxwell distribution

4.10 The Maxwell distribution as an energy distribution

4.11 Average values of individual components; Equipartition of energy

4.12 Equipartition of energy and quantization

4.13 Calculation of vibrational heat capacity

4.14 The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law

4.15 Experimental verification of the Maxwell distribution law

Questions

Problems

5.2 Coefficients of thermal expansion and compressibility

5.3 Heats of fusion; Vaporization; Sublimation

5.4 Vapor pressure

5.5 Other properties of liquids

5.6 Review of structural differences between solids, liquids, and gases

Questions

Problems

62. Restrictions on the conversion of energy from one form to another

6.3. The second law of thermodynamics

6.4. The Zeroth law of thermodynamics

6.5. Thermometry

Questions

Problems

7.1. Thermodynamic terms: Definitions

7.2. Work and heat

7.3. Expansion work

7.4. Work of compression

7.5. Maximum and minimum quantities of work

7.6. Reversible and irreversible transformations

7.7. Energy and the first law of thermodynamics

7.8. Properties of the energy

7.19. Mathematical interlude; Exact and inexact differentials

7.10. Changes in energy in relation to changes in properties of the system

7.11. Changes in state at constant volume

7.12. Measurement of (aUlaVh; Joule's experiment

7.13. Changes in state at constant pressure

7.14. The relation between Cp and Cv

7.15. The measurement of (aHlaph; Joule-Thomson experiment

7.16. Adiabatic changes in state

7.17. A note about problem working

7.18. Application of the first law of thermodynamics to chemical reactions. The heat of reaction

7.19. The formation reaction

7.20. Conventional values of molar enthalpies

7.21. The determination of heats of formation

7.22. Sequences of reactions; Hess's law

7.23. Heats of solution and dilution

7.24. Heats of reaction at constant volume

7.25 Dependence of the heat of reaction on temperature

7.26 Bond enthalpies

7.27 Calorimetric measurements

Questions

Problems

#### 3.Real Gases

3.1 Deviations from ideal behavior3.2 Modifying the ideal gas equation; The van der Waals equation

3.3 Implications of the van der Waals equation

3.4 The isotherms of a real gas

3.5 Continuity of states

3.6 The isotherms of the van der Waals equation

3.7 The critical state

3.8 The law of corresponding states

3.9 Other equations of state

Questions

Problems

#### 4.The Structure of Gases

4.1 Introduction4.2 Kinetic theory of gases; Fundamental assumptions

4.3 Calculation of the pressure of a gas

4.4 Dalton's law of partial pressures

4.5 Distributions and distribution functions

4.6 The Maxwell distribution

4.7 Mathematical interlude

4.8 Evaluation of A and f3

4.9 Calculation of average values using the Maxwell distribution

4.10 The Maxwell distribution as an energy distribution

4.11 Average values of individual components; Equipartition of energy

4.12 Equipartition of energy and quantization

4.13 Calculation of vibrational heat capacity

4.14 The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law

4.15 Experimental verification of the Maxwell distribution law

Questions

Problems

#### 5.Some Properties of Liquids and Solids

5.1 Condensed phases5.2 Coefficients of thermal expansion and compressibility

5.3 Heats of fusion; Vaporization; Sublimation

5.4 Vapor pressure

5.5 Other properties of liquids

5.6 Review of structural differences between solids, liquids, and gases

Questions

Problems

#### 6.The laws of Thermodynamics: Generalities and the Zeroth law

6.1. Kinds of energy and the first law of thermodynamics62. Restrictions on the conversion of energy from one form to another

6.3. The second law of thermodynamics

6.4. The Zeroth law of thermodynamics

6.5. Thermometry

Questions

Problems

#### 7.Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics.

7.1. Thermodynamic terms: Definitions

7.2. Work and heat

7.3. Expansion work

7.4. Work of compression

7.5. Maximum and minimum quantities of work

7.6. Reversible and irreversible transformations

7.7. Energy and the first law of thermodynamics

7.8. Properties of the energy

7.19. Mathematical interlude; Exact and inexact differentials

7.10. Changes in energy in relation to changes in properties of the system

7.11. Changes in state at constant volume

7.12. Measurement of (aUlaVh; Joule's experiment

7.13. Changes in state at constant pressure

7.14. The relation between Cp and Cv

7.15. The measurement of (aHlaph; Joule-Thomson experiment

7.16. Adiabatic changes in state

7.17. A note about problem working

7.18. Application of the first law of thermodynamics to chemical reactions. The heat of reaction

7.19. The formation reaction

7.20. Conventional values of molar enthalpies

7.21. The determination of heats of formation

7.22. Sequences of reactions; Hess's law

7.23. Heats of solution and dilution

7.24. Heats of reaction at constant volume

7.25 Dependence of the heat of reaction on temperature

7.26 Bond enthalpies

7.27 Calorimetric measurements

Questions

Problems

#### 8.Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

Physical Chemistry Book Third Edition By Gilbert W. Castellan
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on
August 12, 2019
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